Colitis Specialist

Thousands of Americans suffer from colitis. Colitis can strike at any age and affects both men and women. Many patients with colitis in Texas have been treated by board-certified gastroenterologist Dr. Atif Shahzad, MD, well-known in the The Woodlands / Spring and Kingwood / Humble areas for specializing in treating various types of colitis.

Colitis Q & A

What is Colitis?

Colitis is characterized by inflammation of the lining of the colon and the onset of ulcers (open sores) that are filled with pus and mucus. The cause of colitis is unknown, although medical experts suggest that one possible cause is a malfunction of the immune system. Diet and stress can worsen symptoms of colitis. There also appears to be a link between heredity and colitis because the disease is more prevalent among people who have family members with colitis.
There are different types of colitis:

  • Crohn’s Disease – Affects any part of the digestive tract.
  • Left-Sided Colitis – Begins at the rectum and spreads to the splenic flexure (a bend in the colon near the spleen); causes abdominal pain in the left side of the abdomen.
  • Ischemic Colitis – Caused by reduced blood flow to the colon, typically due to blocked or narrowed blood vessels.
  • Pan-Ulcerative Colitis – Affects the entire colon.
  • Proctosigmoiditis – Affects the rectum and the sigmoid colon (lower portion of the rectum located right above the rectum).
  • Ulcerative Proctitis – Primarily affects the rectum.
  • Infectious colitis from a bacteria acute

What are the Symptoms?

Symptoms of colitis can range from mild to severe and may include:

  • Abdominal and/or rectal pain
  • Diarrhea with blood or pus
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Increased urge to defecate and/or inability to defecate despite urgency
  • Rectal bleeding and/or blood in the stool
  • Unexplained weight loss

Can it Be Treated and Cured?

For acute bacterial colitis antibioitcs can usually resolve the problem once a bacteria is identified. In Contrast, there is no known cure for chronic colitis like Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis. and in some cases, it can lead to more serious, life-threatening conditions; however, proper treatment can significantly reduce symptoms and bring the disease into long-term remission. Patients with colitis in The Woodlands / Spring and Kingwood / Humble, Texas area, should schedule a consult with Dr. Shahzad to be properly evaluated and treated.